En date dk Lemvig

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In 1246, it was burned down by Abel of Denmark's troops during the civil uprising against Eric IV of Denmark.On a street in the town center is the house where, according to legend, Danish nobleman and national hero Niels Ebbesen killed Count Richard (Gerhard) III of Holstein on 1 April 1340, during the Kingless Times, when the entire country was pledged to German counts.This action led to further insurrection against the Germans.Ebbesen died in a large battle at Skanderborg Castle in December 1340.By the end of the 18th century, it had become Jutland's largest town with 4,500 inhabitants.During its peak there were almost 170 merchants' estates in the area, and a sizeable navy that sailed around the world.Salmon fishing also contributed to the local economy.

The name appears to stem from Rand (hillside) and Aros (river mouth) and probably means "town on the hillside by the river mouth".

Street names include Østervold ("Eastern Defense Wall"), Nørreport ("Northern Gate"), Vestervold ("Western Defense Wall"), and Lille Voldgade ("Little Defense Wall Street").

In 1534 a farmers' uprising tried to storm the town unsuccessfully; it was part of wider regional peasant unrest affecting the Jutland region the same year, leading to the death of some 2000 by the sword in Aalborg alone.

A chronicle written at Essenbæk Abbey tells of a fire that ravaged the city.

The city was destroyed and rebuilt three times in the 13th century.

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